La Tercera no es la Vencida

Segun Daniel Pipes esta es la cuarta vez que los arabes palestinos declaran su estado:


on October 1, 1948, Amin al-Husayni, the mufti of Jerusalem, stood before the Palestine National Council in Gaza and declared the existence of the All-Palestine Government (Hukumat ‘Umum Filastin). In theory, this “state” already ruled Gaza and would soon control all of Palestine. Accordingly, it was born to lofty proclamations of Palestine’s free, democratic, and sovereign nature, and with a full complement of ministers. But the whole undertaking was a sham, for Gaza was run by the Egyptian government of King Faruq, the ministers had nothing to do, and the All-Palestine Government never expanded to all of Palestine. Instead, this state quickly withered into insignificance, and for the next two decades, the goal of a Palestinian state virtually disappeared.


Almost exactly forty years after the first proclamation of a Palestinian state, a second one took place on November 15, 1988, again before a meeting of the Palestine National Council. This time, Yasir ‘Arafat, head of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), declared the existence of a State of Palestine. In some ways, this exercise was even more futile than the first, for the new state was proclaimed in Algiers, almost 2,000 miles and four borders away from Palestine; this state controlled not an inch of the territory it claimed; and this one faced a powerful Israeli adversary.


Those two instances are ancient history but the third attempt, in 1999, uncannily resembled today’s situation. As I noted at the time:

When a state is declared, the results will be severely adverse for Palestinians and Israelis alike. This flagrant breach of the Oslo accords will cause economic relations to diminish further and violence to increase. … The United States and Israel are more important in this case, as in so many others, than the other 180 nations. I hope they will not just refuse to recognize the Palestinian state by make it very clear to Arafat and the Palestinian Authority that a unilateral declaration will be costly to the Palestinians. Continued negotiations are the sensible alternative to a unilateral declaration of independence. The issues are difficult and the process protracted; there can be no arbitrary date for the conclusion of negotiations, for this merely invites Palestinian procrastination. For negotiations to succeed, the process must go on until its natural conclusion.

No se asusten, en septiembre viene la cuarta entrega. Solo por Naciones Unidas.

Al respecto de las “peras al olmo” y de “¿con quien vamos a negociar?” recorde una frase de la ultima pelicula de Batman (The Dark Knight), cuando Bruce Wayne se pregunta que desea The Joker en realidad, entonces Alfred le contesta con una breve historia (y creo que es la enseñanza fundamental del film):

Alfred Pennyworth: A long time ago, I was in Burma, my friends and I were working for the local government. They were trying to buy the loyalty of tribal leaders by bribing them with precious stones. But their caravans were being raided in a forest north of Rangoon by a bandit. So we went looking for the stones. But in six months, we never found anyone who traded with him. One day I saw a child playing with a ruby the size of a tangerine. The bandit had been throwing them away. 
Bruce Wayne: Then why steal them? 
Alfred Pennyworth: Because he thought it was good sport. Because some men aren’t looking for anything logical, like money. They can’t be bought, bullied, reasoned or negotiated with. Some men just want to watch the world burn.”

2 comentarios

  1. hay otra cita de la peli que es “o morís siendo el héroe, o vivís lo suficiente para convertirte en villano”. Sin trasladarla literalmente, pregunto, ¿vamos a hacer TODO LO QUE PODEMOS para frenar este disparate en la ONU, o vamos a resignarnos sin más y terminar siendo favorables a los villanos?

  2. Faltó el intento unilateral para declarar un Estado palestino en 2000 (durante Camp David II).

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